The neuroscience of disorders of consciousness: from laboratory to clinics

The instrumental investigation and assessment of consciousness have witnessed an astonishing progress over the last years. The result of this progress is the passage from a monolithic way of looking at severe brain damages to a more graded nosology based on a quantitative assessment of consciousness and on functional neuroimaging technologies.

The so-called "neuro-technologies", especially the application of technology to the assessment and investigation of consciousness, lead to relevant and unpredicted results with important theoretical and practical consequences.

Aims

Working within the framework of the European Human Brain Project, the project aims at:

  • Reviewing the recent development in the scientific explanations and description of consciousness, particularly focusing on disorders of consciousness (DOCs).
  • Setting the scientific stage, that is the potential and actual clinical application of neuro-imaging for diagnosing and assessing DOCs
  • Describing the theoretical and technical premises of the application of neurotechnologies (i.e., "mind-reading" and "externalization of mind") for communicating with patients with DOCs
  • Analyzing the ethical issues emerging from the clinical application of neuroimaging technologies
  • Assessing the issue of the role of uncertainty in neuroscience, particularly in neuroscientific investigation of DOCs
  • Assessing the issues of pain, suffering and pleasure in DOCs both from a scientific and ethical point of view
  • Outlining the high rate of misdiagnosis of DOCs emerging from the behavioral assessment of consciousness
  • Setting prospects and limitations of the instrumental diagnosis of DOCs
  • Analyzing the ethical issues arising from the misdiagnosis of DOCs
  • Suggesting improvements strategy for diagnosing DOCs

Publications

Farisco M, Laureys S, Evers K, Externalization of Consciousness. Scientific Possibilities and Clinical Implications, in: Geyer M, Ellenbroek B, Marsden C (eds), Current Topics in Behavioural Neurosciences, 2014, doi: 10.1007/7854_2014_338

Funding

European Union Flagship: The Human Brain Project

Time table

2013-

PhD Student

Michele Farisco, PhD Ethics & Anthropology, Associate Professor of Moral Philosophy, PhD Student

Supervisors

Neuroetik och medvetandefilosofi

Vår forskning kring neuroetik och neurofilosofi är mångvetenskaplig. Vi närmar oss frågorna från teoretiska, filosofiska, sociala, bio-politiska och kliniska perspektiv. Forskningen sker i nära samarbete med neurovetenskapen så att vi kan förstå de etiska och filosofiska frågorna som forskarna behöver hantera. I den här rapporten hittar du alla våra publikationer på området med abstracts. Rapporten uppdaterades i november 2016.

Ladda ner vår rapport om Neuroetik